century artists have continued the effort to heighten the viewer's
experience of art by integrating traditionally separate disciplines
into single works. Modern experience, many of these artists
believed, could only be evoked through an art that contained
within itself the complete range of perception. "Old-fashioned"
forms limited to words on a page, paint on a canvas, or music
from an instrument, were considered inadequate for capturing
the speed, energy and contradictions of contemporary life.
In their 1916 manifesto "The Futurist Cinema,"
F.T. Marinetti and his
revolutionary cohorts declared film to be the supreme art because
it embraced all other art forms through the use of (then) new
media technology. Only cinema, they claimed, had a "totalizing"
effect on human consciousness.